Legal Terms

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Acquittal

 
A decision of “not guilty.”

Affidavit


A written statement of fact that is verified by oath or affirmation before a notary public or officer having the authority to administer oaths. Affidavits are not admissible in criminal trials or hearings in lieu of testimony, because the opposing party has not had an opportunity to cross-examine the person giving the statement.

Appeal


The transfer of a case from a lower court to a higher court (appellate court) to review the decision of the lower court.

Arrest Warrant


An order issued by a judge or magistrate to a police officer requiring the arrest of a named person.

Assistant Prosecutor
A lawyer hired by the Prosecuting Attorney to assist him / her in prosecuting criminal cases; also called a prosecutor.

Attorney


A lawyer. A person authorized to practice law in a particular state.